Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Prevalence, incidence and indications of hypno-sedative treatments in hospitalized patients aged 75 and older
Title of the conference
40th International Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy (ESCP), Clinical Pharmacy: Connecting Care and Outcomes
Dublin, Ireland, October 19-21, 2011
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Introduction Sleep impairment is a common problem in older persons and is associated with adverse health and economic consequences. The most prescribed hypnosedatives in Switzerland are benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine-like hypnosedatives and clomethiazole. In the elderly persons, these medications have been associated with decreased cognitive performance, an increased risk of addiction and an increased risk of falls. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, incidence and indications of hypnosedative prescriptions in older in-patients admitted to a Swiss university hospital. Furthermore, we planned to investigate the possible relationship between hypnosedatives' prescription and patients' falls during the hospital stay and we compared the prevalence of hypnosedative drugs' prescribing between geriatric and non-geriatric clinical wards.Materials & Methods This observational study included all patients aged 75 years or older admitted to a Swiss university hospital for 24 h or more. Prescription-related data were recorded every day for 26 consecutive days in the two geriatric wards, and twice, a week apart, in three non-geriatric wards.Results A total of 204 patients (mean age 84.7 ± 0.7 years, 66% women) were included. The prevalence of hypnosedative drugs prescription was 73% and the incidence was 28% on the two geriatric wards. The most common indications for a prescription on geriatric wards was insomnia (51%), followed by continuation of usual treatment (12%). The most frequently prescribed hypnosedative drug was clomethiazole (64% of the patients), followed by lorazepam (11%). We were not able to demonstrate any significant correlation between the number of hypnosedative drugs prescribed and the number of falls during hospital stay. The prevalence of hypnosedative drugs prescriptions was similar between geriatric and non-geriatric wards. The proportion of patients treated by at least one hypnosedative increased between hospital admission (32%) and discharge (45%).Discussions, Conclusion This study reveals a high prevalence of hypnosedative prescription in medical in-patients aged 75 years or older. Main indication was insomnia and the most frequently prescribed hypnosedative molecule was clomethiazole. Prescription incidence was also very high and the proportion of patients being prescribed a hypnosedative increased during hospital stay. Systematic interventions need to be integrated in order to reduce elderly inpatient exposure to treatments that are associated with adverse health outcomes.Conference information: ESCP 40th International Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy. Clinical Pharmacy: Connecting Care and Outcomes Dublin Ireland, 19-21 October 2011
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