Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Strategic Adaptation in Function of Chronicity of Schizophrenic Symptoms During A Fluency Task: An fMRI Study
Title of the conference
66th Annual Meeting of the Society of Biological Psychiatry
San Francisco, California, May 12-14, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: Language processing abnormalities and executive difficulties are hallmark features of schizophrenia. The objective of this study is to assess the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) response at two different stages of the illness (i.e. comparison between adolescents and adults with schizophrenic symptoms) during a fluency task.Methods: BOLD responses during a covert verbal fluency task were compared between 11 psychotic adolescents with schizophrenic symptoms (mean age 16,9 years) and 14 adults with schizophrenia (mean age 33,4 years). fMRI data were analyzed with standard routine of spm5.Results: First, expected activation's network was found for both groups, separately. Secondly, adolescents showed greater activation in left rolandic opercule (BA 48), left angular (BA 39) and right hippocampus compared to adults. Thirdly, adults demonstrated greater activation in presupplementary motor area (BA 6) and in precentral area (BA 4) compared to adolescents.Conclusions: The adolescents seemed to recruit a verbal network (Broca and Wernicke) and memory abilities to perform a fluency task. In contrast, adults seemed to recruit more executive function abilities to perform a similar task. Despite the evolution of schizophrenia, which is known to have a deleterious influence on the prefrontal cortex development, adult patients seemed to be able to recruit such areas to perform a verbal fluency / executive function task.
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