Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Freezing: facts and hypothesis
Scanning Microscopy. Supplement
S11-5; discussion S15-6
Hexagonal ice crystals formed in frozen biological specimens are large and branched. They can produce severe structural damage by solute segregation but there are also cases where they seem to cause only minor damage. When cooling is more rapid, cubic ice crystals can be formed. These are small and in general, they cause little damage. These observations can be readily explained with the hypothesis that large hexagonal ice crystals can originate from the rewarming induced transformation of a large number of cubic ice crystals. This transformation would take place without significant solute displacement.
Animals *Crystallization Freezing Liver/chemistry/ultrastructure Water/*chemistry X-Ray Diffraction
Web of science
Last modification date