Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mehrschicht Spiral-CT-Angiographie: Optimierung der Untersuchungsparameter an einem Gefässphantom [Multislice CT angiography: optimization of scan parameters in a vascular phantom]
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the optimal scan parameters for the evaluation of experimental vascular stenoses with a multislice-helical CT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A vascular phantom consisting of four tubes with an inner diameter of 8 mm and with experimental stenoses of 50%, 75% and 90% was scanned in different tube orientations using a multislice-CT scanner (LightSpeed QX/i, GE, Milwaukee, USA). Examinations were performed with increasing collimations (1.25-5 mm), tube currents (100-300 mA) and two different table speeds (0.75 HQ mode and 1.5 HS mode). RESULTS: The most exact measurements were obtained in tubes angulated parallel to the scan direction with a collimation of 2.5 mm in the HQ mode (7.5 mm/rot.). An almost equivalent accuracy was obtained in the HS mode (15 mm/rot.) with a collimation of 2.5 mm when higher tube currents (300 mA) were employed. The degree of stenoses was overestimated when the tube was angulated perpendicular to the z-axis. CONCLUSION: Multislice-CT provides a good detection rate of vascular stenoses especially at 0 degree and also at 45 degrees angulation in the HQ mode. The use of the HS mode with higher tube currents allows scanning of longer distances with almost identical accuracy.
Angiography, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Phantoms, Imaging, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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