Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Cardiac and pericardial fistulae associated with esophageal or gastric neoplasms: a literature review
Pericardial and cardiac fistulae secondary to esophageal or gastric tumors are considered exceptional. They have never been the object of a literature review. We reviewed the medical literature between 1881 and 2001, searching for all published cases of pericardial or cardiac fistulae developed from esophageal and gastric tumors or favored by the applied therapy to these tumors. The cases of metastasization, tumor spread, and neoplasic pericardial effusion without fistula were excluded. Fifty patients were identified, with one original case. More than half the cases (56%) occurred in the last 25 years. Substernal pain is the main symptom. The majority of patients present at least one condition favoring fistula formation. The auscultation of a water-wheel murmur may suggest a pneumopericardium and therefore a pericardial fistula, as does a purulent pericarditis. Arrhythmias, signs of ischemia, and hematemesis point toward a ventricular fistula. Neurological and hemostasis disorders may be suspect of an atrial lesion. Diagnosis should be made by the association of a scanner and a transit. Prognosis is bad: 76% of the patients die in the first month. Pericardial or cardiac fistulae are part of the differential diagnosis of thoracic pain in patients with esophageal or gastric tumors and in patients who were treated for these pathologies. The diagnosis must be as quick as possible. An operation (patients with a good prognosis) or the placement of a stent (patients with a bad prognosis) is the only chance of survival
Adult , Aged , complications , diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms , etiology , Female , Fistula , Heart Diseases , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms , pathology , Pericardium , Prognosis , secondary , Stomach Neoplasms , Switzerland , therapy
Web of science
Last modification date