Article: article from journal or magazin.
Total intravenous anesthesia with propofol for burst suppression in cerebral aneurysm surgery: preliminary report of 42 patients
236-40 discussion 240
Journal Article --- Old month value: Feb
Forty-two patients underwent cerebral aneurysm clipping at our institution in 1991, 35 with a ruptured aneurysm and 7 with an unruptured aneurysm. Preoperatively, 22 patients with a ruptured aneurysm were graded I or II according to the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies and 21 underwent an operation on the first day. All underwent a standard cerebral protective general anesthesia, combining propofol with fentanyl, arterial normotension (mild hypertension with volume loading and/or dopamine during temporary clipping and once the aneurysm was secured), normocarbia or slight hypocarbia, brain relaxation with lumbar drainage, mannitol and propofol, and electroencephalogram burst suppression when temporary clipping (> or = 2 min) was required. Propofol doses for induction were 1.8 +/- 0.1 mg/kg (mean +/- standard error); for maintenance, doses were 86 +/- 3.5 micrograms/kg per min; and for burst suppression doses were 500 micrograms/kg per min. After clipping, the propofol dose rate was reduced to allow early recovery and neurological examination in the operating room. In 21 patients, temporary clipping was required for a mean duration of 8.8 +/- 1.3 minutes (range, 2-29); none of these patients deteriorated as compared with their preoperative neurological state. Twenty-four of the 42 patients (57%) had a Glasgow Coma Outcome Scale (GOS) score of 1, 7 patients had a GOS score of 2, 8 had a score of 3, and 3 had a score of 5. Thirty-two patients were extubated in the operating room with a mean GOS Score of 13.2 +/- 0.5, and 10 were extubated later in the intensive care unit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
*Anesthesia, General *Anesthesia, Intravenous Blood Pressure/drug effects/physiology Carbon Dioxide/blood Cerebrovascular Circulation/drug effects/physiology Electroencephalography/*drug effects Evoked Potentials/drug effects/physiology Female *Fentanyl Glasgow Coma Scale Humans Intracranial Aneurysm/physiopathology/*surgery Intracranial Pressure/drug effects/physiology Male Middle Aged Postoperative Complications/physiopathology *Propofol
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