Propionibacterium prosthetic joint infection: experience from a retrospective database analysis.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_B57187148036.P001.pdf (362.49 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_B57187148036
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Propionibacterium prosthetic joint infection: experience from a retrospective database analysis.
Périodique
European journal of orthopaedic surgery & traumatology : orthopedie traumatologie
Auteur(s)
Rienmüller A., Borens O.
ISSN
1633-8065 (Print)
ISSN-L
1633-8065
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
05/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Numéro
4
Pages
429-434
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
With improved diagnostic methods and longer prosthesis indwelling time, the frequency of diagnosed Propionibacterium prosthetic joint infections (PJI) is increasing. Data on clinical, microbiological, radiological and surgical treatment are limited, and importance of this organism in PJI is probably underestimated.
We retrospectively analyzed patients with PJI caused by Propionibacterium spp. diagnosed at our institution between 2000 and 2012. Patient data were retrieved through chart review, and the outcome was evaluated at patient follow-up visits.
Of 15 included patients (median age 65 years, range 44-87), 8 hip, 4 shoulder, 2 knee and 1 ankle PJI were recorded. The median time from implantation to diagnosis of PJI was 44.2 months (range 2-180 months). Most PJI (8 patients, 53 %) were diagnosed late (>24 months after arthroplasty). Persistent pain was present in 13, local joint symptoms in 8, fever in 4 and sinus tract in 3 patients. Radiological signs of loosening were present in 11 patients (73 %). Organisms were detected in intraoperative biopsy (n = 5), sonication (n = 4) or preoperative joint puncture (n = 4). In three cases coinfection with a coagulase-negative staphylococcus was diagnosed. Revision surgery was performed in all cases. After a mean follow-up of 16 months after revision surgery (range 4-37 months), 14 patients (93 %) showed no signs or symptoms of infection and had a functional prosthesis; one patient experienced a new infection with another organism (Staphylococcus epidermidis).
Patients with persistent postoperative pain and/or loosening of implants should be screened for PJI with low-virulent organisms such as Propionibacterium, including.

Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, Arthroplasty, Replacement/adverse effects, Female, Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/diagnosis, Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/surgery, Humans, Joint Prosthesis/adverse effects, Male, Middle Aged, Propionibacterium acnes, Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery, Reoperation, Retrospective Studies
Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
09/04/2016 15:15
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:23
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