Article: article from journal or magazin.
Childhood cancer in Switzerland: mortality from 1951 to 1984.
Publication types: Journal Article
Cancer mortality among children in Switzerland was analysed using (1) age-specific and age-standardized (0-14) rates from 1951 to 1984 and (2) comparison of observed numbers of deaths over the period 1960-1984 with expected one obtained by application of age-specific rates for the period 1951-1959 to the population structure of subsequent 5-year calendar periods. Certified mortality fell about 60% for leukaemias, 21% for lymphomas, 66% for Wilms' tumours, 40% for bone sarcomas and 30% for other and unspecified sites. Thus, the overall decline in childhood cancer mortality in Switzerland was around 45%, slightly more marked in females (-48%) than in males (-42%), and more pronounced in younger children (over 50% before age 5). This corresponds to an absolute number of about 50 deaths from childhood cancer per year avoided in the early 1980s as compared with expected numbers computed on the basis of rates registered in the 1950s (30 deaths per year for leukaemias alone). The estimated total number of deaths avoided during the whole period 1960-1980 was 820 (430 leukaemias alone). Trends in childhood cancer mortality persisted steadily downwards in the early 1980s, suggesting that further progress is being achieved in the treatment of these neoplasms.
Adolescent, Age Factors, Bone Neoplasms/mortality, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Leukemia/mortality, Lymphoma/mortality, Male, Neoplasms/mortality, Pediatrics/trends, Registries, Sarcoma/mortality, Statistics as Topic, Switzerland, Wilms Tumor/mortality
Web of science
Last modification date