Heuristic decision making in medicine

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B3A858D52CA0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Heuristic decision making in medicine
Périodique
Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
Auteur(s)
Marewski J. N., Gigerenzer G.
ISSN
1294-8322
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Numéro
1
Pages
77-89
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Can less information be more helpful when it comes to making medical decisions? Contrary to the common intuition that more information is always better, the use of heuristics can help both physicians and patients to make sound decisions. Heuristics are simple decision strategies that ignore part of the available information, basing decisions on only a few relevant predictors. We discuss: (i) how doctors and patients use heuristics; and (ii) when heuristics outperform information-greedy methods, such as regressions in medical diagnosis. Furthermore, we outline those features of heuristics that make them useful in health care settings. These features include their surprising accuracy, transparency, and wide accessibility, as well as the low costs and little time required to employ them. We close by explaining one of the statistical reasons why heuristics are accurate, and by pointing to psychiatry as one area for future research on heuristics in health care.
Mots-clé
medical decision making, fast-and-frugal heuristics, decision aids, biases, ecological rationality, bounded rationality
Création de la notice
28/10/2011 15:34
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 20:40
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