Article: article from journal or magazin.
La sexualite des adolescents a l'heure du SIDA. Resultats d'une enquete aupres de 1398 apprentis vaudois. [Sexuality of adolescents in the time of AIDS. Results of a survey of 1398 students in Vaud]
Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande
Journal Article --- Old month value: Apr
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control/*transmission Adolescent *Adolescent Behavior Contraception Behavior Female Humans Male Questionnaires *Sexual Behavior Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control Switzerland the Society of Industry and Commerce in Lausanne were invited to view an animated exhibit on prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. 3 months later, a self-administered 12-item multiple choice questionnaire was distributed to a representative sample of students at the school and to students at a similar vocational school not exposed to the preventive intervention. This work presents a descriptive analysis of the knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases, attitudes toward condom use, and sexual behavior of a sample of 1398 students aged 16-19 at the 2 schools. 1009 male and 350 female students returned usable questionnaires. The preponderance of males was explained by the type of mainly manual professional training offered at the schools. 2/3 of the students lived in Lausanne or other urban areas. 10% were found to be well informed, 70% relatively well informed, and 20% poorly informed about AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. 75-98% responded correctly to a list of questions about transmission modes of HIV infection, a higher proportion than found in American studies of comparable cohorts. 94% of males and 76% of females had handled condoms and 58% of males and 17% of females had bought them, but only 23% of males and 10% of females used them regularly. 76% of males and 66% of females were sexually active, by age 19, over 90% of both sexes were sexually active. 20% of males and 40% of females had 1 partner. 40% of the sample had 2-4 partners, and 40% of males and 20% of females had 5 or more partners. 45% of males and 63% of females had used contraception since their 1st sexual relation, but 20% of males and 13% of females had never used contraception. There was no significant difference in attitude toward condoms or in condom use between respondents with different numbers of partners. The data indicate that these students are well informed on the whole about the transmission of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, but that they have difficulty in putting their knowledge into practice. The figures should be interpreted cautiously and limitations in the representativeness of the sample and in the survey methodology should be kept in mind. Individual counseling by physicians treating adolescents and preventive actions in schools and elsewhere should be intensified to help adolescents modify their behavior and make it more congruent with their level of knowledge.
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