Pericardial fat volume correlates with coronary vasomotion

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B22CD98D3B35
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Pericardial fat volume correlates with coronary vasomotion
Titre de la conférence
10th International Conference of Non Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging
Auteur(s)
Dunet V., Dabiri A., Allenbach G., Achigar A. G., Waeber B., Feihl F., Heinzer R., Prior J. O.
Adresse
Amsterdam, Netherlands, May 15-18, 2011
ISBN
1520-765X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Série
European Heart Journal Supplements
Pages
A1
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Purpose: Recent studies showed that pericardial fat was independently correlated with the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The mechanism remains unclear. We aimed at assessing a possible relationship between pericardial fat volume and endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotion, a surrogate of future cardiovascular events.Methods: Fifty healthy volunteers without known CAD or cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) were enrolled. They all underwent a dynamic Rb- 82 cardiac PET/CT to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest, during MBF response to cold pressure test (CPT-MBF) and adenosine stress. Pericardial fat volume (PFV) was measured using a 3D volumetric CT method and common biological CRF (glucose and insulin levels, HOMA-IR, cholesterol, triglyceride, hs-CRP). Relationships between MBF response to CPT, PFV and other CRF were assessed using non-parametric Spearman correlation and multivariate regression analysis of variables with significant correlation on univariate analysis (Stata 11.0).Results: All of the 50 participants had normal MBF response to adenosine (2.7±0.6 mL/min/g; 95%CI: 2.6−2.9) and myocardial flow reserve (2.8±0.8; 95%CI: 2.6−3.0) excluding underlying CAD. Simple regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between absolute CPTMBF and triglyceride level (rho = −0.32, p = 0.024) fasting blood insulin (rho = −0.43, p = 0.0024), HOMA-IR (rho = −0.39, p = 0.007) and PFV (rho = −0.52, p = 0.0001). MBF response to adenosine was only correlated with PFV (rho = −0.32, p = 0.026). On multivariate regression analysis PFV emerged as the only significant predictor of MBF response to CPT (p = 0.002).Conclusion: PFV is significantly correlated with endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotion. High PF burden might negatively influence MBF response to CPT, as well as to adenosine stress, even in persons with normal hyperemic myocardial perfusion imaging, suggesting a link between PF and future cardiovascular events. While outside-to-inside adipokines secretion through the arterial wall has been described, our results might suggest an effect upon NO-dependent and -independent vasodilatation. Further studies are needed to elucidate this mechanism.
Web of science
Création de la notice
11/07/2011 9:48
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:20
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