Article: article from journal or magazin.
Maintenance of targeting errors by isthmo-optic axons following the intraocular injection of tetrodotoxin in chick embryos.
Journal of Comparative Neurology
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jul 15
We have studied the role of electrical activity in the elimination of axonal targeting errors, which is a normal process in brain development. The experiments were focused on the isthmo-optic nucleus (ION), which, in adults, projects in topographical order on the contralateral retina. During embryogenesis, however, a few isthmo-optic neurons project to the ipsilateral retina, and many project to topographically inappropriate parts of the contralateral one; both kinds of targeting error are known to be eliminated by the deaths of the parent neurons. We injected tetrodotoxin (TTX) intraocularly at embryonic days 13 and 15 and, on the latter, applied a retrograde label to the retina of the same eye. Embryos were fixed at embryonic day 17. In some embryos, the label was a peripherally placed fleck of the carbocyanine dye "diI"; the resulting retrogradely labeled neurons in the contralateral ION were much more widely scattered in the TTX-injected embryos than in controls (errors in topography). In other embryos, the label was a solution of rhodamine-B-isothiocyanate (RITC) injected into the vitreous body; this yielded several ipsilaterally labeled isthmo-optic neurons in the TTX-injected embryos, but virtually none in the controls. The numbers of both kinds of aberrantly projecting neuron approached those previously reported near the beginning of the ION's period of neuronal death. We conclude that electrical activity plays an important role in the elimination of axonal targeting errors in the chick embryo's isthmo-optic system.
Animals, Axons/drug effects, Carbocyanines, Chick Embryo/drug effects, Chick Embryo/innervation, Eye, Fluorescent Dyes, Injections, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Neural Pathways/drug effects, Neural Pathways/ultrastructure, Optic Nerve/drug effects, Optic Nerve/ultrastructure, Tetrodotoxin/pharmacology
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