Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Prise en charge des patients avec des problèmes d'alcool: quelle efficacité? Quelques éléments de réponse à partir d'une revue de la littérature [Management of patients with alcohol problems: how effective? Several response factors based on a review of the literature]
Revue médicale de la Suisse romande
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Review - Publication Status: ppublish
What do we know about the effectiveness of various treatments of alcoholism? This review of literature shows that lack--or weaknesses--of published studies make it impossible to draw definite conclusions. Rigorous controlled studies show high rates of spontaneous remission and important uncertainties about specialised treatments of alcoholism. However, except for severe dependence that may well require a different approach, brief interventions conducted by non-specialists have proved highly effective for at-risk alcohol drinkers: based on minimal medical advice, they increase the chances of lowering alcohol consumption. General practitioners may thus represent on important link in the therapeutic chain.
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