Article: article from journal or magazin.
Surface granularity as a discriminating feature of illicit tablets
Forensic Science International
In this paper we propose an innovative methodology for automated profiling of illicit tablets bytheir surface granularity; a feature previously unexamined for this purpose. We make use of the tinyinconsistencies at the tablet surface, referred to as speckles, to generate a quantitative granularity profileof tablets. Euclidian distance is used as a measurement of (dis)similarity between granularity profiles.The frequency of observed distances is then modelled by kernel density estimation in order to generalizethe observations and to calculate likelihood ratios (LRs). The resulting LRs are used to evaluate thepotential of granularity profiles to differentiate between same-batch and different-batches tablets.Furthermore, we use the LRs as a similarity metric to refine database queries. We are able to derivereliable LRs within a scope that represent the true evidential value of the granularity feature. Thesemetrics are used to refine candidate hit-lists form a database containing physical features of illicittablets. We observe improved or identical ranking of candidate tablets in 87.5% of cases when granularityis considered.
Illicit tablets, Granularity, Ecstasy (XTC), Likelihood ratio, Features, Image processing
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