Leadership at the upper echelons : three essays

Détails

Demande d'une copie
ID Serval
serval:BIB_AF31B87189CB
Type
Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Leadership at the upper echelons : three essays
Auteur(s)
Jacquart P.
Directeur(s)
Antonakis J.
Détails de l'institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté des hautes études commerciales
Adresse
HEC Lausanne Quartier UNIL-Dorigny Bâtiment Internef CH - 1015 Lausanne
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
2010
Langue
anglais
Notes
REROID:R005414402
Résumé
"IT'S THE ECONOMY STUPID", BUT CHARISMA MATTERS TOO: A DUAL
PROCESS MODEL OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OUTCOMES.
ABSTRACT
Because charisma is assumed to be an important determinant of effective leadership, the extent to which a presidential nominee is more charismatic than his opponent should be an important determinant of voter choices. We computed a composite measure of the rhetorical richness of acceptances speeches given by U.S. presidential candidates at their national party convention. We added this marker of charisma to Ray C. Fair's presidential vote-share equation (1978; 2009). We theorized that voters decide using psychological attribution (i.e., due to macroeconomics and incumbency) as well as inferential processes (i.e., due to leader charismatic behavior) when voting. Controlling for the macro-level variables and incumbency in the Fair model, our results indicated that difference between nominees' charisma is a significant determinant of electoral success, particularly in close elections. This extended model significantly improves the precision of the Fair model and correctly predicts 23 out of the last 24 U.S. presidential elections.
Paper 2:
IT CEO LEADERSHIP, CORPORATE SOCIAL AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE.
ABSTRACT
We investigated whether CEO leadership predicted corporate financial performance (CFP) and corporate social performance (CSP). Using longitudinal data on 258 CEOs from 117 firms across 19 countries and 10 industry sectors, we found that determinants of CEO leadership (i.e., implicit motives) significantly predicted both CFP and CSP. As expected, the most consistent positive predictor was Responsibility Disposition when interacting with n (need for) Power. n Achievement and n Affiliation were generally negatively related or unrelated to outcomes. CSP was positively related to accounting measures of CFP. Our findings suggest that executive leader characteristics have important consequences for corporate level outcomes.
Paper 3.
PUNISHING THE POWERFUL: ATTRIBUTIONS OF BLAME AND LEADERSHIP
ABSTRACT
We propose that individuals are more lenient in attributing blame to leaders than to nonleaders. We advance a motivational explanation building on the perspective of punishment and on system justification theory. We conducted two scenario experiments which supported our proposition. In study 1, wrongdoer leader status was negatively related to blame and the perceived seriousness of the wrongdoing. In study 2, controlling for the Big-Five personality factor and individual differences in moral evaluation (i.e., moral foundations), wrongdoer leader status was negatively related with desired severity of punishment, and fair punishments were perceived as more just for non-leaders than for leaders.
Mots-clé
Charisma, Elections, Leadership
Création de la notice
16/08/2010 15:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:18
Données d'usage