Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Treatment of Recurrent Hepatitis C after Liver Transplantation with PEG-Interferon and Ribavirin.
Title of the conference
Joint International Congress of ILTS (International Liver Transplantation Society), ELITA (European Society for Organ Transplantation) and LICAGE (Liver Intensive Care Group of Europe)
Valencia, Spain, June 22-25, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background and aim: Recurrent hepati tis C is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after li ver transpl ant ati on (LT), and optimal treatm ent algorithms have yet to be defined. Here, we present our experience of 22 patients with recurrent hepatitis C treated in our institution .Patients and methods: Twenty-two patients with hi stology-proven recurrent hepati tis Cafter LT were treated since 2003. Treatment was ini ti ated with pegylated interferon-a2a 135 IIg per week and ribavirin 400 mg per day in the majority of patients, and subsequent doses were adapted individllally based on on-treatment virologieal responses and c1inical and/or biochemical si de effeets.Results: On an intention-to-treat basis, ustained virological re ponse(SVR) was achieved in 12/21 (54.5%) patie nts (5/12 [41 .6%], 2/3 [67%], 4/5 [80%] and 1/2 [50%] of patients infected with genotypes 1,2,3 and 4, respectively). Two patients experieneed relap e and 6 did not respond to treatm ent (NR). Treatment duration ranged from 24 to 90 weeks. It was stopped prematurely due to adverse events in 6/22 (27.2%) patients (with SVR achieved in 2 patients, NR in 2 patients, and death of 2 patients: one patient awaiting retransplantation and a second patient with HCV-HJV co-infection and fibrosing cholestat ic hepatiti s, nine months after transplantation). Of note, SVR was achi eved in a patient \Vi th combined liver and kidney transplantation. Importantly, SVR \Vas ach ieved in some patients despite the lack ofan early virological response or HCV RNA negativity at week 24. Darbepoetin a and fil ~,'rasti m were used in 36% and 18%, respectively.Conclusion: Individually adapted treatment of recurrent hepatitis C canachieve SVR in a substantial proponion ofLT patients. Conventional stopping rules do not apply in this setting so that prolonged therapy may be useful in selected patients.
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