Article: article from journal or magazin.
Cellular localization, expression and regulation of neuropeptide Y in kidneys of hypertensive rats.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a key modulator of the autonomic nervous system playing pivotal roles in cardiovascular and neuronal functions. In this study, we assessed the cellular localization and gene expression of NPY in rat kidneys. We also examined the relationship between NPY gene expression and renin in two rat models of hypertension (two-kidney, one-clip renal hypertension (2K1C), and deoxycorticosterone-salt-induced hypertension (DOCA-salt)) characterized by a similar blood pressure elevation. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, using anti-NPY or anti-C-flanking peptide of NPY (CPON) antibodies, showed that NPY transcript and protein were colocalized in the tubules of rat kidneys. During experimental hypertension, NPY mRNA was decreased in both kidneys of the 2K1C animals, but not in the kidney of DOCA-salt rats. In 2K1C rats, renal NPY content was also decreased. The difference in NPY gene expression between 2K1C rats (a high renin model of hypertension) and DOCA-salt rats (a low renin model of hypertension) suggests that circulating angiotensin II plays a role in local renal NPY gene expression and that the elevated blood pressure per se is not the primary factor responsible for the control of NPY gene expression in the kidney.
Animals, Body Weight, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Regulation, Hemodynamics, Hypertension, Renal, Immunohistochemistry, Kidney, Kidney Diseases, Neuropeptide Y, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Renin
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