Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Trigeminal Neuralgia Secondary to Intracranial Lesions: A Prospective Series of 17 Consecutive Cases
Title of the conference
Joint Annual Meeting 2015: Swiss Society of Neurosurgery and Swiss Society of Neuroradiology Together with IG-NOPPS
Forum Messe Luzern, Lucerne, Switzerland, 10-11 September 2015
Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery
Object: The purpose of the study was to assess the role of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) in secondary trigeminal neuralgia (TN) caused by space-occupying lesions. Methods: From July 2010 till January 2015, 17 patients had GKS for secondary TN caused by intracranial lesions. The primary outcome was tumor control. The secondary outcomes were the alleviation of pain and the eventual secondary effects. Covariates were the age, duration of symptoms, duration till alleviation etc. Results: The mean age in this series was 63.3 years (range 39-79). The mean follow-up period was 1.85 years (range 0.5-3). Nine (52.9%) were meningiomas, five (29.4%) trigeminal schwannomas, two (11.8%) brain metastases and one (5.9%) arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Eight were located on the right side and nine on the left side. The mean duration of TN was 13.5 months (range 0.5-160). Follow-up was available for 16 patients (94.1%). Pain alleviation appeared after a mean time of 4.6 months (1-11) in 15 patients (88.2%). Five (29.4%) patients completely stopped medication in a mean time of 7 months (range 1-13) and three (17.6%) decreased it at half of the initial doses. No patient developed new hypoesthesia or other cranial nerve complication. The marginal doses for meningiomas and trigeminal schwannomas were 12 Gy (12-14), for metastasis 20 (20-20) and for AVM 24 Gy. The mean target volume was 1.84 cc (range 0.12-8.10). The mean prescription isodose volume was 2.65 cc (0.19-11.90). The mean maximal diameter was 19.9 (range 9-36). The mean number of isocenters was 14.2 (4-27). The mean duration was 76.9 minutes (range 25-172). The mean conformity, selectivity, Paddick and gradient index were: 0.99 (range 0.955-1), 0.701 (range 0.525-0.885), 0.694 (range 0.525-0.885) and 2.904 (range 2.654-3.371). At last follow-up, tumor decreased in 10 (58.8%) patients, was stable in 6 (35.3%) and increased in one (5.9%), the latest at 6 months. Conclusions: Gamma Knife surgery is safe and effective in treating intracranial lesions presenting with secondary TN. The initial pain freedom response was close to 90%, while having no secondary effect. Pain alleviation is achieved even in the absence of a volume variation of the lesions.
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