Article: article from journal or magazin.
Bio-electrical impedance analysis for estimation of fat-free mass and muscle mass in cystic fibrosis patients.
European Journal of Pediatrics
The nutritional status of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has to be regularly evaluated and alimentary support instituted when indicated. Bio-electrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a recent method for determining body composition. The present study evaluates its use in CF patients without any clinical sign of malnutrition. Thirty-nine patients with CF and 39 healthy subjects aged 6-24 years were studied. Body density and mid-arm muscle circumference were determined by anthropometry and skinfold measurements. Fat-free mass was calculated taking into account the body density. Muscle mass was obtained from the urinary creatinine excretion rate. The resistance index was calculated by dividing the square of the subject's height by the body impedance. We show that fat-free mass, mid-arm muscle circumference and muscle mass are each linearly correlated to the resistance index and that the regression equations are similar for both CF patients and healthy subjects.
Adipose Tissue, Adolescent, Adult, Body Composition, Child, Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology, Electric Impedance, Female, Humans, Male, Muscles, Nutritional Status, Skinfold Thickness
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