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Urinary D-lactate excretion in infants receiving Lactobacillus johnsonii with formula.
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Supplementation with certain probiotics can improve gut microbial flora and immune function but should not have adverse effects. This study aimed to assess the risk of D-lactate accumulation and subsequent metabolic acidosis in infants fed on formula containing Lactobacillus johnsonii (La1). METHODS: In the framework of a double-blind, randomized controlled trial enrolling 71 infants aged 4-5 months, morning urine samples were collected before and 4 weeks after being fed formulas with or without La1 (1 x 10(8)/g powder) or being breastfed. Urinary D- and L-lactate concentrations were assayed by enzymatic, fluorimetric methods and excretion was normalized per mol creatinine. RESULTS: At baseline, no significant differences in urinary D-/L-lactate excretion among the formula-fed and breastfed groups were found. After 4 weeks, D-lactate excretion did not differ between the two formula groups, but was higher in both formula groups than in breastfed infants. In all infants receiving La1, urinary D-lactate concentrations remained within the concentration ranges of age-matched healthy infants which had been determined in an earlier study using the same analytical method. Urinary L-lactate also did not vary over time or among groups. CONCLUSIONS: Supplementation of La1 to formula did not affect urinary lactate excretion and there is no evidence of an increased risk of lactic acidosis.
Acidosis, Lactic/epidemiology, Acidosis, Lactic/etiology, Dietary Supplements, Double-Blind Method, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant Formula, Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology, Lactates/urine, Lactobacillus/growth & development, Lactobacillus/physiology, Male, Milk, Human, Probiotics
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