A systematic review of longitudinal population-based studies on the predictors of smoking cessation in adolescent and young adult smokers.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_ABEB352F8C4A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
A systematic review of longitudinal population-based studies on the predictors of smoking cessation in adolescent and young adult smokers.
Périodique
Tobacco Control
Auteur(s)
Cengelli S., O'Loughlin J., Lauzon B., Cornuz J.
ISSN
1468-3318 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0964-4563
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Numéro
3
Pages
355-362
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; ReviewPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
OBJECTIVE: To describe the determinants of self-initiated smoking cessation of duration of at least 6 months as identified in longitudinal population-based studies of adolescent and young adult smokers.
METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed and EMBASE databases using smoking, tobacco, cessation, quit and stop as keywords was performed. Limits included articles related to humans, in English, published between January 1984 and August 2010, and study population aged 10-29 years. A total of 4502 titles and 871 abstracts were reviewed independently by 2 and 3 reviewers, respectively. Nine articles were retained for data abstraction. Data on study location, timeframe, duration of follow-up, number of data collection points, sample size, age/grade of participants, number of quitters, smoking status at baseline, definition of cessation, covariates and analytic method were abstracted from each article. The number of studies that reported a statistically significant association between each determinant investigated and cessation were tabulated, from among all studies that assessed the determinant.
RESULTS: Despite heterogeneity in methods across studies, five factors robustly predicted quitting across studies in which the factor was investigated: not having friends who smoke, not having intentions to smoke in the future, resisting peer pressure to smoke, being older at first use of cigarette and having negative beliefs about smoking.
CONCLUSIONS: The literature on longitudinal predictors of cessation in adolescent and young adult smokers is not well developed. Cessation interventions for this population will remain less than optimally effective until there is a solid evidence base on which to develop interventions.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Evidence-Based Medicine/methods, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Prognosis, Smoking/prevention & control, Smoking/psychology, Smoking Cessation/methods, Smoking Cessation/psychology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
01/02/2013 13:23
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:15
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