Article: article from journal or magazin.
Absence of anti-hepatitis B surface antibody after vaccination does not necessarily mean absence of immune response.
Medical Microbiology and Immunology
Publication types: Journal Article
A small number of subjects vaccinated against hepatitis B do not produce anti-hepatitis B surface (HBs) antibody levels detectable by commercial assays. Others lose detectable anti-HBs at some time after vaccination. The absence of clinical hepatitis despite potential exposure to hepatitis B virus (HBV) in both kinds of subjects suggests that they might be protected by low antibody levels. However, besides anti-HBs, T helper response and memory cells which may be induced by the vaccine are certainly also important for immunity against HBV. In the present study, samples from vaccinated subjects, found to be anti-HBs negative in an initial assay, subsequently showed positive results in, respectively, 25%, 36% and 38% of the cases, when a second, third and fourth assay was used. In addition, 360 samples from "nonresponders" and from vaccinees who had lost anti-HBs, the reactivity of which was under the enzyme-linked immunoassay-cut-off value were compared to that of nonvaccinated controls. The absorbances were found to be significantly higher in the nonresponders (0.038) and in the vaccinees having lost anti-HBs (0.041), than in the controls (0.025). Such findings contribute to explaining why so-called nonresponders as well as vaccinees who have lost anti-HBs nevertheless appear to be protected.
Adult, Female, Hepatitis B/prevention &, control, Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood, Hepatitis B Antibodies/immunology, Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/immunology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Vaccination
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