Article: article from journal or magazin.
Clinical factors associated with trabecular bone score.
Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Manitoba Bone Density Program
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) is the reference standard for diagnosing osteoporosis but does not directly reflect deterioration in bone microarchitecture. The trabecular bone score (TBS), a novel grey-level texture measurement that can be extracted from DXA images, predicts osteoporotic fractures independent of BMD. Our aim was to identify clinical factors that are associated with baseline lumbar spine TBS. In total, 29,407 women ≥50yr at the time of baseline hip and spine DXA were identified from a database containing all clinical results for the Province of Manitoba, Canada. Lumbar spine TBS was derived for each spine DXA examination blinded to clinical parameters and outcomes. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression (lowest vs highest tertile) was used to define the sensitivity of TBS to other risk factors associated with osteoporosis. Only a small component of the TBS measurement (7-11%) could be explained from BMD measurements. In multiple linear regression and logistic regression models, reduced lumbar spine TBS was associated with recent glucocorticoid use, prior major fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, high alcohol intake, and higher body mass index. In contrast, recent osteoporosis therapy was associated with a significantly lower likelihood for reduced TBS. Similar findings were seen after adjustment for lumbar spine or femoral neck BMD. In conclusion, lumbar spine TBS is strongly associated with many of the risk factors that are predictive of osteoporotic fractures. Further work is needed to determine whether lumbar spine TBS can replace some of the clinical risk factors currently used in fracture risk assessment.
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