Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Factors promoting the exposure to bioaerosols among crop workers
Title of the conference
Bioaerosols: 6th International Scientific Conference on Bioaerosols, Fungi, Bacteria, Mycotoxins in Indoor and Outdoor Environments and Human Health
Albany, NY : Fungal Research Group Foundation
Agricultural workers are among the professional groups most at risk of developing acute or chronic respiratory problems. Despite this fact, the etiology of these occupational diseases is poorly known, even in important sectors of agriculture such as the crops sector. A chronic exposure to multiple microorganisms, such as different bacterial and fungal species, has been proposed to be the cause of these multiple respiratory pathologies. Nevertheless, these microbial communities are still partially known. The aim of this study is to characterize all fungal species inhaled by the crops workers during different grain related activities and identify the abiotic and biotic factors that reduce the growth of the toxigenic, irritative or allergenic microbial species. Here, we are presenting the factors promoting the exposure to bioaerosols during different wheat related activities: harvesting, grain unload, baling straw, the cleaning of harvesters and silos. Total dust has been quantified following NIOSH 0500 method. Reactive endotoxin activity has been determined with Limulus Amebocyte Lysate Assay. All molds have been identified by the pyrosequencing of ITS2 amplicons generated from bioaerosol.
Endotoxins, Agricultural Workers' Diseases, Occupational Exposure
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