Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Naissances très prématurées : dilemmes et propositions de prise en charge. Première partie : pronostic des naissances avant 28 semaines, identification d'une zone grise [Very premature births: Dilemmas and management. Part 1. Outcome of infants born before 28 weeks of postmenstrual age, and definition of a gray zone].
Archives de Pédiatrie
Groupe de réflexion sur les aspects éthiques de la périnatologie
Altavilla AG., Andrini P., Aujard Y., Azria E., Bétrémieux P., Boitias C., Caeymaex L., Chabernaud JL., Collet M., Dageville C., Danan C., Debillon T., De Dreuzy P., Dehan M., Denizot S., Deruelle P., Dommergues M., Farnoux C., Fournié A., Gold F., Gouyon JB., Grassin M., Guidicelli B., Huillery ML., Jarreau PH., Jouannic JM., Kracher S., Kuhn P., Le Coz P., Lequien P., Mahieu-Caputo D., Moriette G., Narcy P., Oriot D., Parat S., Puech F., Rameix S., Ropert JC., Rozé JC., Simeoni U., Storme L., Vernier D.
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Review Publication Status: ppublish
With very preterm deliveries, the decision to institute intensive care, or, alternatively, to start palliative care and let the baby die, is extremely difficult, and involves complex ethical issues. The introduction of intensive care may result in long-term survival of many infants without severe disabilities, but it may also result in the survival of severely disabled infants. Conversely, the decision to withhold resuscitation and/or intensive care at birth, which is an option at the margin of viability, implies allowing babies to die, although some of them would have developed normally if they had received resuscitation and/or intensive care. Withholding intensive care at birth does not mean withholding care but rather providing palliative care to prevent pain and suffering during the time period preceding death. The likelihood of survival without significant disabilities decreases as gestational age at birth decreases. In addition to gestational age, other factors greatly influence the prognosis. Indeed, for a given gestational age, higher birth weight, singleton birth, female sex, exposure to prenatal corticosteroids, and birth in a tertiary center are favorable factors. Considering gestational age, there is a gray zone that corresponds to major prognostic uncertainty and therefore to a major problem in making a "good" decision. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to deliveries at 24 and 25 weeks of postmenstrual age. In general, babies born above the gray zone (26 weeks of postmenstrual age and later) should receive resuscitation and/or full intensive care. Below 24 weeks, palliative care is the only option offered in France at the present time. Decisions within the gray zone will be addressed in the 2nd part of this work.
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage, Birth Weight, Brain Damage, Chronic/etiology, Brain Damage, Chronic/mortality, Child, Child, Preschool, Developmental Disabilities/etiology, Developmental Disabilities/mortality, Ethics Committees, Ethics, Medical, Fetal Viability, Follow-Up Studies, hic" UI="D005602">France, Gestational Age, Humans, Infant, Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Diseases/mortality, Infant, Premature, Diseases/therapy, Intensive Care, Neonatal/ethics, Palliative Care/ethics, Prognosis, Resuscitation/ethics, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Survival Rate
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