Cardiovascular risk factors attributable to obesity and overweight in Switzerland.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_A8304D261041
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Cardiovascular risk factors attributable to obesity and overweight in Switzerland.
Périodique
Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases
Auteur(s)
Davin C., Vollenweider P., Waeber G., Paccaud F., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1590-3729 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0939-4753
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Volume
22
Numéro
11
Pages
952-958
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Résumé
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity increases the risk for cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), including hypertension, dyslipidaemia and type 2 diabetes. In this study, we assessed the burden of overweight and obesity on CVRFs in Switzerland, using Swiss-specific population attributable fractions (PAFs).
METHODS AND RESULTS: The number of cases of CVRFs that could have been prevented if the increase in overweight and obesity in Switzerland had been contained was estimated using gender-specific, age- and smoking-adjusted PAFs for overweight and obesity. PAFs were estimated from the Swiss Health Survey 2007 (self-reported) and the CoLaus study (measured) data. PAFs from self-reported were lower than from measured data. Using measured data, overweight and obesity contributed to 38% of hypertension cases in men (32% in women). In men, overweight had a larger impact than obesity (22.2% and 15.6%, respectively), while the opposite was observed for women (13.6% and 18.1%, respectively). In men, 37% of dyslipidaemia (30% in women) could be attributed to overweight and obesity; overweight had a higher contribution than obesity in both sexes. In men, 57% of type 2 diabetes (62% in women) was attributable to overweight and obesity; obesity had a larger impact than overweight in both sexes. Overall, approximately 27,000 cases of type 2 diabetes, 63,000 cases of high blood pressure and 37,000 cases of dyslipidaemia could have been avoided if overweight and obesity levels were maintained at 1992 levels.
CONCLUSION: A large proportion of CVRFs is attributable to overweight and/or obesity and could have been prevented by containing the overweight/obesity epidemic.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
04/05/2011 10:36
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:12
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