Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
A Cell Permeable Rasgap-derived Peptide Sensitizes Cancer Cells To Radiotherapy
Title of the conference
ASTRO 2011, 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology
Miami Beach, Florida, October 2-6, 2011
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Purpose/Objective(s): Radiotherapy is an effective treatment modality against cancer. Despite recent technical progresses in radiation delivery precision, toxicity to healthy tissues remains the main limiting factor. RasGAP is a regulator of the Ras and Rho pathway; it has either a pro- or anti-apoptotic activity depending on the level of caspase expressed in the cell. The RasGAP derived peptide: TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 is the minimal sequence known to sensitize cancer cells, but not healthy cells, to genotoxin-induced apoptosis. In this study the TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 radio-sensitizing effect was tested in vitro and in vivo.Materials/Methods: Two weeks clonogenic forming assays with 5 human cancer cells (PANC-1, HCT116, U87, U251 and HeLa) and a non tumorigenic cell line (HaCaT) were performed. Cells were exposed to 0, 1, 2 and 4 Gy with or without 20 mMTAT-RasGAP317 - 326. Twenty mMTAT peptide was also used as control. TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 effect was also tested in tumor xenograft mouse models. Mice bearing HCT116 tumors (WT or p53 mutant) received 1.65 mg/kg TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 i.p. injected and were locally irradiated for 10 days with 3 Gy. Tumor volume was then followed during a minimum of 20 days. Control mice were treated with a single modality, either with TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 or with radiotherapy.Results: At all the tested radiation doses TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 showed a significant supra additive radio-sensitizing effect on all the tested tumor cell lines. Furthermore, it showed no sensitizing effect on the non tumorigenic cell line. In vivo, TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 also showed a significantly radio-sensitizing effect as shown by a significant higher reduction in tumor volume as much as by a significant tumor growth delay.Conclusions: Taken together our data suggest that TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 has a radio-sensitizing effect on in vivo and in vitro tumors without any effect on healthy tissues. Therefore TAT-RasGAP317 - 326 should be considered as a novel and attractive sensitizer compound allowing an improvement of the therapeutic interval.
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