Article: article from journal or magazin.
The 5th anniversary of "Patient Safety in Surgery" - from the Journal's origin to its future vision.
Patient Safety in Surgery
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: epublish. PDF type: editorial
A prospective study was undertaken to determine prognostic markers for patients with obstructive jaundice. Along with routine liver function tests, antipyrine clearance was determined in 20 patients. Four patients died after basal investigations. Five patients underwent definitive surgery. The remaining 11 patients were subjected to percutaneous transhepatic biliary decompression. Four patients died during the drainage period, while surgery was carried out for seven patients within 1-3 weeks of drainage. Of 20 patients, only six patients survived. Basal liver function tests were comparable in survivors and nonsurvivors. Discriminant analysis of the basal data revealed that plasma bilirubin, proteins and antipyrine half-life taken together had a strong association with mortality. A mathematical equation was derived using these variables and a score was computed for each patient. It was observed that a score value greater than or equal to 0.84 indicated survival. Omission of antipyrine half-life from the data, however, resulted in prediction of false security in 55% of patients. This study highlights the importance of addition of antipyrine elimination test to the routine liver function tests for precise identification of high risk patients.
Adult, Aged, Antipyrine/pharmacokinetics, Cholestasis/metabolism, Cholestasis/mortality, Female, Humans, Liver/metabolism, Liver Function Tests/methods, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Prospective Studies
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