Article: article from journal or magazin.
Fate of cadmium in rat renal tubules: a microinjection study.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
109Cd was injected into the lumen of superficial proximal or distal tubules of rat kidneys, and recovery in the pelvic urine from the ipsilateral kidney was measured. Fractional recovery of labeled inulin always exceeded 90%. About 70% of injected inorganic Cd (CdCl2) was taken up by the epithelium of proximal tubules, while more than 90% of the injected amount was recovered after distal microinjection. The proximal fractional Cd uptake of a 1:1 (molar) Cd-L-cysteine complex was 82%, but was below 60% for a 5-10:1 molar ratio of cysteine:Cd. The chelate Cd-pentetic acid was recovered in final urine nearly quantitatively after proximal or distal microinjection. Fractional uptake of 109Cd from a Cd-metallothionein (Mt) complex, following proximal microinjection, ranged between 17 (Cd-Mt 0.19 mM) and 8% (Cd-Mt 1.5 mM). It is concluded that luminal Cd uptake by the tubular epithelium depends markedly on the chemical form of Cd and, when present, occurs mostly or exclusively in proximal tubules.
Animals, Cadmium/administration & dosage, Cadmium/pharmacokinetics, Cadmium Chloride, Cadmium Radioisotopes, Kidney Tubules/metabolism, Kidney Tubules, Proximal/metabolism, Liver/metabolism, Male, Metallothionein/metabolism, Microinjections, Protein Binding, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains
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