Article: article from journal or magazin.
Intracellular signaling is changed after clustering of the neural cell adhesion molecules axonin-1 and NgCAM during neurite fasciculation.
Journal of Cell Biology
Neural cell adhesion molecules of the immunoglobulin/fibronectin type III family on axons have been implicated in promotion of neurite outgrowth, fasciculation, and the mediation of specific cell adhesion. The present study demonstrates that two of these molecules on dorsal root ganglion neurons are associated with distinct protein kinases, axonin-1 with the src-related nonreceptor tyrosine kinase fyn and NgCAM with a casein kinase II-related activity and a serine/ threonine kinase related to S6 kinase. When neurites grew without contacts involving axonin-1 and NgCAM, strong fyn kinase activity was associated with axonin-1, whereas the NgCAM-associated kinase activities were low. Clustering of axonin-1 with NgCAM induced by the formation of cell-cell contacts correlated with a reduction of the axonin-1-associated fyn activity and an increased phosphorylation of NgCAM by the associated casein kinase II-related activity. Thus, axonin-1 and NgCAM trigger distinctive intracellular signals during in vitro differentiation depending on their state of association.
Animals, Casein Kinase II, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuron-Glia/chemistry, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuron-Glia/metabolism, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal/chemistry, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal/metabolism, Cell Communication/physiology, Cell Differentiation, Cells, Cultured, Chick Embryo, Contactin 2, Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology, Ganglia, Spinal/physiology, Genistein, Heparin/pharmacology, Isoflavones/pharmacology, Molecular Weight, Neurites/physiology, Oligonucleotides, Antisense, Phosphorylation, Phosphotyrosine/analysis, Precipitin Tests, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism, Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors, Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fyn, Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, Signal Transduction/physiology
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