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Einfluss von L-Carnitin-supplementierter total parenteraler Ernährung (TPE) auf die postoperative Fett- und Stickstoff-Utilisation [Effect of L-carnitine supplemented total parenteral nutrition on postoperative lipid and nitrogen utilization].
During episodes of trauma carnitine-free total parenteral nutrition (TPN) may result in a reduction of the total body carnitine pool, leading to a diminished rate of fat oxidation. Sixteen patients undergoing esophagectomy were equally and randomly divided and received isonitrogenous (0.2 gN/kg.day) and isocaloric (35 kcal/kg.day TPN over 11 days without and with L-carnitine supplementation (12 mg/kg.day). Compared with healthy controls, the total body carnitine pool was significantly reduced in both groups prior to the operation. Without supplementation carnitine concentrations were maintained, while daily provision of carnitine resulted in an elevation of total carnitine mainly due to an increase of the free fraction. Without supplementation the cumulative urinary carnitine losses were 11.5 +/- 6.3 mmol corresponding to 15.5% +/- 8.5% of the estimated total body carnitine pool. Patients receiving carnitine revealed a positive carnitine balance in the immediate postoperative phase, 11.1% +/- 19.0% of the infused carnitine being retained. After 11 days of treatment comparable values for respiratory quotient, plasma triglycerides, free fatty acids, ketone bodies, and cumulative nitrogen balance were observed. It is concluded that in the patient population studied here carnitine supplementation during postoperative TPN did not improve fat oxidation or nitrogen balance.
Adult, Calorimetry, Indirect, Carnitine/administration & dosage, Carnitine/blood, Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery, Esophagus/surgery, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood, Female, Humans, Ketone Bodies/blood, Lipids/blood, Male, Nitrogen/blood, Parenteral Nutrition, Total, Postoperative Complications/blood, Triglycerides/blood
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