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Bioinformatics-driven identification and examination of candidate genes for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
ObjectiveCandidate genes for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) identified by a bioinformatics approach were examined for variant associations to quantitative traits of NAFLD-related phenotypes.Research Design and MethodsBy integrating public database text mining, trans-organism protein-protein interaction transferal, and information on liver protein expression a protein-protein interaction network was constructed and from this a smaller isolated interactome was identified. Five genes from this interactome were selected for genetic analysis. Twenty-one tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which captured all common variation in these genes were genotyped in 10,196 Danes, and analyzed for association with NAFLD-related quantitative traits, type 2 diabetes (T2D), central obesity, and WHO-defined metabolic syndrome (MetS).Results273 genes were included in the protein-protein interaction analysis and EHHADH, ECHS1, HADHA, HADHB, and ACADL were selected for further examination. A total of 10 nominal statistical significant associations (P<0.05) to quantitative metabolic traits were identified. Also, the case-control study showed associations between variation in the five genes and T2D, central obesity, and MetS, respectively. Bonferroni adjustments for multiple testing negated all associations.ConclusionsUsing a bioinformatics approach we identified five candidate genes for NAFLD. However, we failed to provide evidence of associations with major effects between SNPs in these five genes and NAFLD-related quantitative traits, T2D, central obesity, and MetS.
Case-Control Studies, Computational Biology/methods, Data Mining, Type="Geographic">Denmark, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics, Fatty Liver/genetics, Humans, Metabolic Syndrome X/genetics, Middle Aged, Obesity/genetics, Phenotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Protein Binding, Quantitative Trait Loci
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