Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Intravitreal ranibizumab for age-related macular degeneration - optical coherence tomography guided retreatment intervals and their intra- and inter-individual variability
Title of the conference
11th Euretina Congress, London 26-29 May
European Society of Retina Specialists
PURPOSE:To determine whether the need for retreatment after an initial loading phase of 3 monthly intravitreal injections of ranibizumab shows an intra-individual regular rhythm and to what degree it varies between different patients.SETTING:Prospective mono-centre cohort study.METHODS:Prospective study with 42 patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), treatment na?ve, giving informed consent. Loading dose of 3 monthly doses of ranibizumab (0,5mg), followed by a 12 months pro re nata (PRN) regimen according to early exudative signs on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT Cirrus Zeiss?, cube 512x126). The follow-up visits were intensified (week 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, etc after each injection) in order to detect exudative recurrences early, and injection followed within 3 days in cases of subretinal fluid, or intraretinal cysts, or central thickness increase of >50?m. Intervals were calculated between injections and the following recurrence was calculated for the 12 month follow-up with PRN treatment. Variability was expressed as standard deviation (SD). RESULTS Visual acuity (VA) improved from a mean ETDRS letter score of 61.6 (SD 10.8) at baseline to 68.0 (SD 10.2, +6.4 letters) at month 3 and increased further to 74.7 (SD 9.0, +13.1 letters from baseline) at month 12. The 15 patients who have completed the study by October 2010 showed maintenance of the VA improvement. Retinal thickness of the central foveal subfield improved from a mean value of 366?m(baseline) to 253?m(month 3), well maintained thereafter. Mean number of injections was 8.8 (SD 3.5) per 12 months of follow-up (after 3 loading doses), ranging from 0 to 12, with mean individual treatment-recurrence intervals ranging from 28 to >365 days (mean 58 days). Intraindividual variability of treatment-recurrence intervals, measured as SD of the individual intervals, was 7.1days as a mean value(range 1.7 ? 22.6 days) for the 33 patients with more than 1 injection during follow-up. SD was higher for longer intervals of an individual patient. It ranged within 20% of the mean intra-individual interval for 30 patients(91%) and within 15% for 21 patients(64%). The first interval was within 1 week of the mean intra-individual interval in 64% of patients and within 2 weeks in 89% of patients.CONCLUSIONS:The majority of AMD patients showed a relatively stable rhythm for PRN injections of intravitreal ranibizumab after initial loading phase, associated with excellent functional and anatomical results. The initial interval between last loading dose and first recurrence may have a predictive value for further need of treatment, therefore potentially facilitating follow-up and patient care.
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