Substituting prolonged sedentary time and cardiovascular risk in children and youth: a meta-analysis within the International Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD).

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: KwonS_PA_metrics_ICAD_IJNPA19.pdf (692.26 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_A42734C97DC1
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Substituting prolonged sedentary time and cardiovascular risk in children and youth: a meta-analysis within the International Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD).
Périodique
The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Auteur(s)
Wijndaele K., White T., Andersen L.B., Bugge A., Kolle E., Northstone K., Wedderkopp N., Ried-Larsen M., Kriemler S., Page A.S., Puder J.J., Reilly J.J., Sardinha L.B., van Sluijs EMF, Sharp S.J., Brage S., Ekelund U.
Collaborateur(s)
International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators
Contributeur(s)
Andersen L.B., Anderssen S., Atkin A.J., Cardon G., Davey R., Ekelund U., Esliger D.W., Hallal P., Hansen B.H., Janz K.F., Kriemler S., Møller N., Northstone K., Page A., Pate R., Puder J.J., Reilly J.J., Salmon J., Sardinha L.B., Sherar L.B., Timperio A., van Sluijs EMF
ISSN
1479-5868 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1479-5868
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
31/10/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Numéro
1
Pages
96
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Meta-Analysis ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Evidence on the association between sitting for extended periods (i.e. prolonged sedentary time (PST)) and cardio-metabolic health is inconsistent in children. We aimed to estimate the differences in cardio-metabolic health associated with substituting PST with non-prolonged sedentary time (non-PST), light (LIPA) or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in children.
Cross-sectional data from 14 studies (7 countries) in the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD, 1998-2009) was included. Accelerometry in 19,502 participants aged 3-18 years, together with covariate and outcome data, was pooled and harmonized. Iso-temporal substitution in linear regression models provided beta coefficients (95%CI) for substitution of 1 h/day PST (sedentary time accumulated in bouts > 15 min) with non-PST, LIPA or MVPA, for each study, which were meta-analysed.
Modelling substitution of 1 h/day of PST with non-PST suggested reductions in standardized BMI, but estimates were > 7-fold greater for substitution with MVPA (- 0.44 (- 0.62; - 0.26) SD units). Only reallocation by MVPA was beneficial for waist circumference (- 3.07 (- 4.47; - 1.68) cm), systolic blood pressure (- 1.53 (- 2.42; - 0.65) mmHg) and clustered cardio-metabolic risk (- 0.18 (- 0.3; - 0.1) SD units). For HDL-cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure, substitution with LIPA was beneficial; however, substitution with MVPA showed 5-fold stronger effect estimates (HDL-cholesterol: 0.05 (0.01; 0.10) mmol/l); diastolic blood pressure: - 0.81 (- 1.38; - 0.24) mmHg).
Replacement of PST with MVPA may be the preferred scenario for behaviour change, given beneficial associations with a wide range of cardio-metabolic risk factors (including adiposity, HDL-cholesterol, blood pressure and clustered cardio-metabolic risk). Effect estimates are clinically relevant (e.g. an estimated reduction in waist circumference of ≈1.5 cm for 30 min/day replacement). Replacement with LIPA could be beneficial for some of these risk factors, however with substantially lower effect estimates.
Mots-clé
Accelerometry, Adolescent, Blood Pressure/physiology, Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology, Child, Child, Preschool, Cholesterol, HDL/blood, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exercise/physiology, Humans, Risk Factors, Sedentary Behavior, Waist Circumference/physiology, ALSPAC, Cardio-metabolic, ICAD, Iso-temporal, Physical activity, Prolonged sitting
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Financement(s)
Fonds national suisse
Création de la notice
02/11/2019 22:50
Dernière modification de la notice
18/02/2020 6:20
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