Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Carotid sparing in definitive irradiation of T1N0 squamous cell larnyx cancer using helical tomotherapy
Title of the conference
ICT 2011, International Conference on Tomotherapy
Heidelberg, Germany, September 16-17, 2011
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: To implement a carotid sparing protocol using helical Tomotherapy(HT) in T1N0 squamous-cell laryngeal carcinoma.Materials/Methods: Between July and August 2010, 7 men with stage T1N0 laryngeal carcinoma were included in this study. Age ranged from 47-74 years. Staging included endoscopic examination, CT-scan and MRI when indicated.Planned irradiation dose was 70 Gy in 35 fractions over 7 weeks. A simple treatment planning algorithm for carotidsparing was used: maximum point dose to the carotids 35 Gy, to the spinal cord 30 Gy, and 100% PTV volume to becovered with 95% of the prescribed dose. Carotid volume of interest extended to 1 cm above and below of the PTV.Doses to the carotid arteries, critical organs, and planned target volume (PTV) with our standard laryngealirradiation protocol was compared. Daily megavoltage scans were obtained before each fraction. When necessary, thePlanned Adaptive? software (TomoTherapy Inc., Madison, WI) was used to evaluate the need for a re-planning,which has never been indicated. Dose data were extracted using the VelocityAI software (Atlanta, GA), and datanormalization and dosevolume histogram (DVH) interpolation were realized using the Igor Pro software (Portland,OR).Results: A significant (p < 0.05) carotid dose sparing compared to our standard protocol with an average maximum point dose of 38.3 Gy (standard devaition [SD] 4.05 Gy), average mean dose of 18.59 Gy (SD 0.83 Gy) was achieved.In all patients, 95% of the carotid volume received less than 28.4 Gy (SD 0.98 Gy). The average maximum point doseto the spinal cord was 25.8 Gy (SD 3.24 Gy). PTV was fully covered with more than 95% of the prescribed dose forall patients with an average maximum point dose of 74.1 Gy and the absolute maximum dose in a single patient of75.2 Gy. To date, the clinical outcomes have been excellent. Three patients (42%) developed stage 1 mucositis that was conservatively managed, and all the patients presented a mild to moderate dysphonia. All adverse effectsresolved spontaneously in the month following the end of treatment. Early local control rate is 100% considering a 4-5months post treatment follow-up.Conclusions: HT allows a clinically significant decrease of carotid irradiation dose compared tostandard irradiation protocols with an acceptable spinal cord dose tradeoff. Moreover, this technique allows the PTV to be homogenously covered with a curative irradiation dose. Daily control imaging brings added security marginsespecially when working with high dose gradients. Further investigations and follow-up are underway to better evaluatethe late clinical outcomes especially the local control rate, late laryngeal and vascular toxicity, and expected potentialimpact on cerebrovascular events.
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