Article: article from journal or magazin.
Three-dimensional study of pelvic asymmetry on anatomical specimens and its clinical perspectives.
Journal of Anatomy
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
The aim of this study was to assess pelvic asymmetry (i.e. to determine whether the right iliac bone and the right part of the sacrum are mirror images of the left), both quantitatively and qualitatively, using three-dimensional measurements. Pelvic symmetry was described osteologically using a common reference coordinate system for a large sample of pelvises. Landmarks were established on 12 anatomical specimens with an electromagnetic Fastrak system. Seventy-one paired variables were tested with a paired t-test and a non-parametric test (Wilcoxon). A Pearson correlation matrix between the right and left values of the same variable was applied exclusively to values that were significantly asymmetric in order to calculate a dimensionless asymmetry index, ABGi, for each variable. Fifteen variables were significantly asymmetric and correlated with the right vs. left sides for the following anatomical regions: sacrum, iliac blades, iliac width, acetabulum and the superior lunate surface of the acetabulum. ABGi values above a threshold of +/- 4.8% were considered significantly asymmetric in seven variables of the pelvic area. Total asymmetry involving the right and the left pelvis seems to follow a spiral path in the pelvis; in the upper part, the iliac blades rotate clockwise, and in the lower part, the pubic symphysis rotates anticlockwise. Thus, pelvic asymmetry may be evaluated in clinical examinations by measuring iliac crest orientation.
Acetabulum/anatomy & histology, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anthropometry/methods, Female, Humans, Ilium/anatomy & histology, Male, Middle Aged, Pelvis/anatomy & histology, Pubic Symphysis/anatomy & histology, Sacrum/anatomy & histology
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