Multivitamins/multiminerals in Switzerland: not as good as it seems.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_A1C98CC7EA37.P001.pdf (164.41 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_A1C98CC7EA37
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Multivitamins/multiminerals in Switzerland: not as good as it seems.
Périodique
Nutrition Journal
Auteur(s)
Droz N., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1475-2891 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1475-2891
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Pages
24
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: epublish PDF : Research
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Multivitamin/multimineral (MVM) supplements are commonly consumed by the general population, but little is known regarding their composition and compliance with local regulations. We assessed the composition and compliance with regulations [no indication in the label of vitamin/minerals amounting <15% of the acceptable daily intake (ADI)] of MVM available in Switzerland.
METHODS: The composition of vitamin/minerals supplements was obtained from the Swiss drug compendium, the Internet, pharmacies, parapharmacies and supermarkets. MVM was defined as the presence of at least 5 vitamins and/or minerals.
RESULTS: Of the 254 vitamin/mineral supplements collected, 95 (37%) were considered as MVM. The most frequent vitamins were B₆ (73.7%), C (71.6%), B₂ (69.5%) and B₁ (67.4%); the least frequent were K (17.9%), biotin (51.6%), pantothene (55.8%) and E (56.8%). Approximately half of MVMs provided >150% of the ADI for vitamins. The most frequent minerals were zinc (66.3%), calcium (55.8%), magnesium (54.7%) and copper (48.4%), and the least frequent were fluoride (3.2%), phosphorous (17.9%), chrome (22.1%) and iodine (25%). More than two thirds of MVMs provided between 50 and 150% of the ADI for minerals, and few MVMs provided >150% of the ADI. While few MVMs provided <15% of the ADI for vitamins, a considerable fraction did so for minerals (32.7% for magnesium, 26.1% for copper and 22.6% for calcium).
CONCLUSION: There is a great variability regarding the composition of MVMs available in Switzerland. Several MVM do not comply with Swiss regulations, which calls for monitoring and corrective measures.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
16/05/2014 17:58
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 20:08
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