Article: article from journal or magazin.
Appearance of cytolytic granules upon induction of cytolytic activity in CTL-hybrids
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Oct
Examining a CTL-line (B6.1) with specific cytolytic activity, we have confirmed the ability of CTL-lines to produce poly C9-like, tubular complexes of two sizes (polyperforin 1 and 2). Isolated cytoplasmic granules from this cell line can induce hemolysis and contain the lysosomal marker arylsulfatase. Electron microscopial studies show that granules contain precursor molecules which are assembled into polyperforin upon addition of Ca2+. Antibodies raised against granules predominantly react with a 27-kd protein. We compared the B6.1 cell with a hybrid, PC60, derived from a cross between B6.1 and a non-cytolytic rat-thymoma. This hybrid line exhibits inducible CTL-activity. In PC60 with induced cytolytic activity, polyperforins 1 and 2, cytolytic granules and granule-associated proteins are detected. Non-cytolytic PC60 cells lack cytolytic granules and polyperforin 1, but contain polyperforin 2. These results suggest that cytolytic granules appear in parallel with the expression of cytotoxicity during T-lymphocyte differentiation.
Animals Calcium/physiology Cell Membrane/ultrastructure *Cytotoxicity, Immunologic Hemolysis Hybrid Cells *Ion Channels Macromolecular Substances *Membrane Proteins Mice Microscopy, Electron Molecular Weight T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/*ultrastructure
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