Article: article from journal or magazin.
Cytokine-induced beta-galactoside alpha-2,6-sialyltransferase in human endothelial cells mediates alpha 2,6-sialylation of adhesion molecules and CD22 ligands.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sialic acids decorating blood and cell surface proteins can play important roles in various biological processes. The inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1, as well as bacterial lipopolysaccharide, can activate vascular endothelium, increasing expression of several surface glycoproteins. Here we show that treatment of cultured human endothelial cells (HEC) with TNF-alpha, interleukin-1, or lipopolysaccharide causes increased expression of the enzyme beta-galactoside alpha-2,6-sialytransferase (alpha 2-6STN). TNF-alpha was most effective, inducing a 3.5-fold enhancement of cell-associated sialytransferase activity by 72 h. In addition, activated HEC secreted a large portion of the induced sialyltransferase activity into the medium. Analysis of labeled HEC showed both a relative and an absolute increase of alpha 2,6-linked sialic acid on N-linked oligosaccharides after TNF-alpha stimulation. This coincided with increased expression of endothelial glycoproteins bearing N-linked glycans with alpha 2,6-linked sialic acid detected by the lectin Sambucus nigra agglutinin. The cytokine-inducible endothelial cell adhesion molecules E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 are among these glycoprotein substrates for alpha 2-6STN. These changes also correlated with a substantial increase in binding sites for CD22 beta, a mammalian lectin known to recognize oligosaccharides carrying multiple copies of alpha 2,6-linked sialic acid. Northern analysis revealed increased levels of mRNA encoding alpha 2-6STN. Thus, activation of endothelial cells during inflammatory and immunological processes may induce alpha 2-6STN, which can participate in sialylation of other activation-dependent molecules.
Antigens, CD/metabolism, Antigens, CD22, Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte/metabolism, Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism, Cells, Cultured, Endothelium, Vascular/cytology, Endothelium, Vascular/enzymology, Enzyme Induction/drug effects, Glycoproteins/metabolism, Humans, Immunoglobulins/metabolism, Interleukin-1/pharmacology, Lectins, Ligands, N-Acetylneuraminic Acid, RNA, Messenger/metabolism, Sialic Acids/metabolism, Sialyltransferases/biosynthesis, Sialyltransferases/genetics, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
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