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Prevalence of t(11;19)(q21;p13) Translocation in Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Conjunctiva
Title of the conference
ARVO E-Abstract 4754
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Purpose: The genetics events occurring in the development of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva have not been extensively investigated. A t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation has been reported in more than 50% of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary glands. This translocation induces a chimeric MECT1-MAML2 protein that act as a transcription activation factor in CREB and Notch pathways. Sustained expression of MECT1-MALM2 in RKE3 cells was tumorigenic in a mouse model. The presence of this translocation has been correlated with a better prognosis in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary glands. The purpose of this study was to identify the presence or absence of this translocation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma cases from the pathological files of Jules Gonin Eye Hospital from 1960-2010. The relevant clinico-pathological data was obtained. The presence of the t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation was investigated by FISH using a dual color break apart probe. 100 nuclei were evaluated in each case. Normal conjunctiva was included as a control.Results: Material for FISH analysis was available in 9 patients (11 tumors). There were 2 females and 7 males. The mean age was years 71, 4 years old. Tumors were involving the bulbar conjunctiva in 6 cases and the tarsal conjunctiva in 5 cases. In a young patient of 30 years old, mucoepidermoid carcinoma was developed in the context of Xeroderma Pigmentosum. Hybridization could successfully be performed in 8 patients (9 tumors). No disruption of the dual color fusion signal was observed in all the cases, suggesting an absence of t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva.Conclusions: Although our study encompasses only a limited number of cases due to the rarity of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva, it demonstrates that a translocation commonly found in this tumor at other locations is not identified in the conjunctiva, suggesting that different mechanisms occur in the development of these tumors.
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