Article: article from journal or magazin.
Clinical and molecular characterization of Diastrophic Dysplasia in the Portuguese population.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
SLC26A2-related dysplasias encompass a spectrum of diseases: from lethal achondrogenesis type 1B (ACG1B; MIM #600972) and atelosteogenesis type 2 (AO2; MIM #256050) to classical diastrophic dysplasia (cDTD; MIM #222600) and recessive multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (rMED; MIM #226900). This study aimed at characterizing clinically, radiologically and molecularly 14 patients affected by non-lethal SLC26A2-related dysplasias and at evaluating genotype-phenotype correlation. Phenotypically, eight patients were classified as cDTD, four patients as rMED and two patients had an intermediate phenotype (mild DTD - mDTD, previously 'DTD variant'). The Arg279Trp mutation was present in all patients, either in homozygosity (resulting in rMED) or in compound heterozygosity with the known severe alleles Arg178Ter or Asn425Asp (resulting in DTD) or with the mutation c.727-1G>C (causing mDTD). The 'Finnish mutation', c.-26+2T>C, and the p.Cys653Ser, both frequent mutations in non-Portuguese populations, were not identified in any of the patients of our cohort and are probably very rare in the Portuguese population. A targeted mutation analysis for p.Arg279Trp and p.Arg178Ter in the Portuguese population allows the identification of approximately 90% of the pathogenic alleles.
Adolescent, Adult, Alleles, Anion Transport Proteins/genetics, Body Height, Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Dwarfism/diagnosis, Dwarfism/epidemiology, European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics, Female, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Testing, Genotype, Humans, Male, Mutation, Osteochondrodysplasias/diagnosis, Osteochondrodysplasias/genetics, Phenotype, Portugal/epidemiology, Young Adult
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