A test of Jessor's problem behavior theory in a Eurasian and a Western European developmental context.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_A014D3E60ABD
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
A test of Jessor's problem behavior theory in a Eurasian and a Western European developmental context.
Périodique
The Journal of Adolescent Health
Auteur(s)
Vazsonyi A.T., Chen P., Young M., Jenkins D., Browder S., Kahumoku E., Pagava K., Phagava H., Jeannin A., Michaud P.A.
ISSN
1879-1972[electronic]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
43
Numéro
6
Pages
555-564
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Evaluation Studies ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Résumé
PURPOSE: The current study tested the applicability of Jessor's problem behavior theory (PBT) in national probability samples from Georgia and Switzerland. Comparisons focused on (1) the applicability of the problem behavior syndrome (PBS) in both developmental contexts, and (2) on the applicability of employing a set of theory-driven risk and protective factors in the prediction of problem behaviors. METHODS: School-based questionnaire data were collected from n = 18,239 adolescents in Georgia (n = 9499) and Switzerland (n = 8740) following the same protocol. Participants rated five measures of problem behaviors (alcohol and drug use, problems because of alcohol and drug use, and deviance), three risk factors (future uncertainty, depression, and stress), and three protective factors (family, peer, and school attachment). Final study samples included n = 9043 Georgian youth (mean age = 15.57; 58.8% females) and n = 8348 Swiss youth (mean age = 17.95; 48.5% females). Data analyses were completed using structural equation modeling, path analyses, and post hoc z-tests for comparisons of regression coefficients. RESULTS: Findings indicated that the PBS replicated in both samples, and that theory-driven risk and protective factors accounted for 13% and 10% in Georgian and Swiss samples, respectively in the PBS, net the effects by demographic variables. Follow-up z-tests provided evidence of some differences in the magnitude, but not direction, in five of six individual paths by country. CONCLUSION: PBT and the PBS find empirical support in these Eurasian and Western European samples; thus, Jessor's theory holds value and promise in understanding the etiology of adolescent problem behaviors outside of the United States.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior/psychology, Alcohol Drinking/psychology, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Female, Georgia (Republic), Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Psychological Theory, Random Allocation, Reproducibility of Results, Risk Factors, Social Behavior Disorders/psychology, Substance-Related Disorders/psychology, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
13/03/2009 11:43
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:06
Données d'usage