Article: article from journal or magazin.
Ly49D-mediated ITAM signaling in immature thymocytes impairs development by bypassing the pre-TCR checkpoint.
Journal of Immunology
Activating and inhibitory NK receptors regulate the development and effector functions of NK cells via their ITAM and ITIM motifs, which recruit protein tyrosine kinases and phosphatases, respectively. In the T cell lineage, inhibitory Ly49 receptors are expressed by a subset of activated T cells and by CD1d-restricted NKT cells, but virtually no expression of activating Ly49 receptors is observed. Using mice transgenic for the activating receptor Ly49D and its associated ITAM signaling DAP12 chain, we show in this article that Ly49D-mediated ITAM signaling in immature thymocytes impairs development due to a block in maturation from the double negative (DN) to double positive (DP) stages. A large proportion of Ly49D/DAP12 transgenic thymocytes were able to bypass the pre-TCR checkpoint at the DN3 stage, leading to the appearance of unusual populations of DN4 and DP cells that lacked expression of intracellular (ic) TCRβ-chain. High levels of CD5 were expressed on ic TCRβ(-) DN and DP thymocytes from Ly49D/DAP12 transgenic mice, further suggesting that Ly49D-mediated ITAM signaling mimics physiological ITAM signaling via the pre-TCR. We also observed unusual ic TCRβ(-) single positive thymocytes with an immature CD24(high) phenotype that were not found in the periphery. Importantly, thymocyte development was completely rescued by expression of an Ly49A transgene in Ly49D/DAP12 transgenic mice, indicating that Ly49A-mediated ITIM signaling can fully counteract ITAM signaling via Ly49D/DAP12. Collectively, our data indicate that inappropriate ITAM signaling by activating NK receptors on immature thymocytes can subvert T cell development by bypassing the pre-TCR checkpoint.
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/antagonists & inhibitors, Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics, Animals, Cell Cycle/genetics, Cell Cycle/immunology, Cell Differentiation/genetics, Cell Differentiation/immunology, H-2 Antigens/genetics, Humans, Lymphocyte Activation/genetics, Lymphocyte Activation/immunology, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Mice, Transgenic, NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily A/antagonists & inhibitors, NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily A/genetics, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/antagonists & inhibitors, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/biosynthesis, Signal Transduction/genetics, Signal Transduction/immunology, T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology, T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism, Tyrosine/genetics
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