Caractéristiques médico-sociales des patients alcooliques hospitalisés dans deux services de médecine interne d'hôpitaux de Suisse romande [Medicosocial characteristics of hospitalized alcoholic patients in 2 internal medicine departments of hospitals in French-speaking Switzerland].

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_9EF2EEE1E4EB
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Caractéristiques médico-sociales des patients alcooliques hospitalisés dans deux services de médecine interne d'hôpitaux de Suisse romande [Medicosocial characteristics of hospitalized alcoholic patients in 2 internal medicine departments of hospitals in French-speaking Switzerland].
Périodique
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Auteur(s)
Trisconi Y., Marini M., de Werra P., Paccaud F., Magnenat P., Yersin B.
ISSN
0036-7672 (Print)
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1989
Volume
119
Numéro
52
Pages
1907-1912
Langue
français
Notes
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Two prospective studies were performed in the medical services of two hospitals located in the French-speaking part of Switzerland to assess the prevalence of alcoholism and the comparative medico-social characteristics of alcoholic and nonalcoholic patients aged 18 to 75. Both investigations used the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, with a cut-off score of 5. The prevalence of alcoholism was similar in the two institutions (19.6 and 20.5%) and was much higher in males (30 to 32%) than in females (3 to 5%). Among alcoholics, the percentage of unmarried or divorced patients was higher than in nonalcoholics, as was the percentage of unemployed and subjects from lower socio-economic brackets. The most frequent type of alcohol-related disease was alcoholic liver disease, encountered in 25% of alcoholics in both services. Cigarette smoking was also much more frequent in alcoholics (60%) than in nonalcoholic patients (29%). The length of stay was 2 days longer for alcoholics in both hospitals, despite the lower mean age of these patients.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Alcoholism/complications, Alcoholism/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Length of Stay, Life Style, Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/etiology, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Sex Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, Socioeconomic Factors, Type="Geographic">Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 17:31
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 20:01
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