Article: article from journal or magazin.
Smooth muscle differentiation identifies two classes of poorly differentiated pleomorphic sarcomas with distinct outcome.
Publication types: Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
The clinical relevance of accurately diagnosing pleomorphic sarcomas has been shown, especially in cases of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas with myogenic differentiation, which appear significantly more aggressive. To establish a new smooth muscle differentiation classification and to test its prognostic value, 412 sarcomas with complex genetics were examined by immunohistochemistry using four smooth muscle markers (calponin, h-caldesmon, transgelin and smooth muscle actin). Two tumor categories were first defined: tumors with positivity for all four markers and tumors with no or incomplete phenotypes. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that this classification method exhibited the strongest prognostic value compared with other prognostic factors, including histological classification. Secondly, incomplete or absent smooth muscle phenotype tumor group was then divided into subgroups by summing for each tumor the labeling intensities of all four markers for each tumors. A subgroup of tumors with an incomplete but strong smooth muscle differentiation phenotype presenting an intermediate metastatic risk was thus identified. Collectively, our results show that the smooth muscle differentiation classification method may be a useful diagnostic tool as well as a relevant prognostic tool for undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas.
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