Improved health of hospitality workers after a Swiss cantonal smoking ban.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_9E864CC99463
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Improved health of hospitality workers after a Swiss cantonal smoking ban.
Périodique
Swiss Medical Weekly
Auteur(s)
Durham André Dante, Bergier Samuel, Morisod Xavier, Locatelli Isabella, Zellweger Jean-Pierre, Huynh Cong Khanh, Cornuz Jacques
ISSN
1424-3997 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
141
Numéro
w13317
Pages
1-8
Langue
anglais
Résumé
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: Hospitality workers are a population particularly at risk from the noxious effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The Canton of Vaud, Switzerland banned smoking in public places in September 2009. This prospective study addresses the impact of the ban on the health of hospitality workers. METHODS: ETS exposure was evaluated using a passive sampling device that measures airborne nicotine; lung function was assessed by spirometry; health-related quality of life, ETS exposure symptoms and satisfaction were measured by questionnaire. RESULTS: 105 participants (smokers and non-smokers) were recruited initially and 66 were followed up after one year. ETS exposure was significantly lower after the ban. Hospitality workers had lower pre-ban forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) values than expected. FEV1 remained stable after the ban, with a near-significant increase in the subgroup of asthmatics only. FVC increased at one year follow-up from 90.42% to 93.05% (p = 0.02) in the entire cohort; women, non-smokers and older participants gained the greatest benefit. The health survey showed an increase in physical wellbeing after the ban, the greatest benefit being observed in non-smokers. ETS exposure symptoms were less frequent after the ban, especially red and irritated eyes and sneezing. The new law was judged useful and satisfactory by the vast majority of employees, including smokers. CONCLUSION: The recent cantonal ban on smoking in public places brought about an improvement in lung function, physical well-being and ETS symptoms of hospitality workers, including smokers.
Mots-clé
Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Occupational Exposure/legislation & jurisprudence , Occupational Health/statistics & numerical data , Health Surveys , Prospective Studies Questionnaires , Spirometry , Switzerland ,
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
12/01/2012 16:30
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:04
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