Article: article from journal or magazin.
Three-dimensional spiral CT of craniofacial malformations in children.
Publication types: Journal Article
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of three-dimensional CT (3D CT) in the diagnosis and management of suspected paediatric craniofacial malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight children (12 girls, 16 boys) with a mean age of 4 years, suffering from craniofacial or cervical malformations, underwent craniofacial spiral CT. 3D reformatting was performed using an independent work-station. RESULTS: 3D CT allowed the preoperative evaluation of 16 patients with craniosynostosis and the post-surgical management of 2 patients. 3D CT clearly depicted malformations of the skull base involving the petrous bone in seven patients (four cases of Goldenhar-Gorlin syndrome, one case of Treacher-Collins syndrome and two cases of Crouzon's disease). Four patients with craniofacial clefts were also evaluated. Radiological findings were confirmed by the clinical and intraoperative findings in all patients that underwent surgical treatment. Movement artefacts and "Lego effect" related to abrupt change of cranial vault border were encountered and are discussed. CONCLUSIONS: 3D CT of the skull can safely and reliably identify paediatric craniofacial malformations involving bone, and it should be used as morphological mapping to help the surgeon in planning surgical treatment.
Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Craniofacial Abnormalities/radiography, Craniofacial Dysostosis/radiography, Craniosynostoses/radiography, Female, Goldenhar Syndrome/radiography, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/radiography, Skull/radiography, Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
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