Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
The Lausanne experience with the Wichita fusion nail for arthrodesis of the knee
Title of the conference
71e Congrès Annuel de la Société Suisse d'Orthopédie et de Traumatologie (SSOT)
Lausanne, Suisse, 22-24 juin 2011
Swiss Medical Weekly
Background: Arthrodesis of the knee by intramedullary fixation hasbeen reported to have a higher rate of success than external fixationor compression plating. Antegrade nailing however can lead to complicationsdue to the different diameters of the medullary canals, fracturesduring insertion, poor rotational stability, breakage of the IM-nailand insufficient compression at the fusion site.Method: This retrospective study reports all knee fusions performedby the same orthopaedic surgeon with the Wichita (Stryker) fusion nail(WFN) from 2004 to 2010. The Wichita nail is a short nail with a deviceat the knee which allows for coupling of differently sized and interlockedfemoral and tibial components and at the same time for compression.Results: We report of 18 patients with a mean follow up of 28 months(range 3-71 months). Infected TKA was the most common indicationfor arthrodesis in 9 cases. The remaining reasons included asepticfailed TKA in 3 cases, 2 patients after fracture, 1 patient with neurologicalinstability after knee dislocation, 1 patient after tumoral resectionand 1 non union after failed arthrodesis with long antegrade nail.Finally 1 patient with bilateral congenital knee dislocation operated onboth sides. As expected, patients receiving the WFN had undergonea large number of previous knee surgeries with a mean of 3.8 (range0-8) procedures per patient. The complication rate was 27% (5 of 18).Two patients had persistent pain requiring revision surgery to increasestability with plating. One case of periprosthetic fracture needed openreduction and internal fixation. 2 patients with superficial hematomawere treated one with open drainage and the other with physiotherapy.Infection was erradicated in all septic cases, we found no new infectionand the fusion rate was 100%.Conclusion: The results in these often difficult cases are satisfyingand we think that this technique is a valid alternative to the otherknown techniques of knee fusion in patients with a poor bone stockand fragile soft tissues.
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