Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effect of grade on disease-free survival and overall survival in FIGO stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
Publication types: Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of differentiation on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1979 to 1995, 350 patients with FIGO stage IA-IC with well (G1), moderately (G2) or poorly (G3) differentiated tumors were treated with surgery and high dose-rate brachytherapy with or without external radiation. Median age was 65 years (39-86 years). RESULTS: The 5-year DFS was 88+/-3% for the G1 tumors, 77+/-4% for the G2 tumors, and 67+/-7% for the G3 tumors (P=0.0049). With regard to the events contributing to DFS, the 5-year cumulative percentage of local relapse was 4.6% for the G1 tumors, 9.0% for the G2 tumors, and 4.6% (P=0.027) for the G3 tumors. Cumulative percentage of metastasis was 1.4, 6.3 and 7.2% (P<0.001), respectively, whereas percentages of death were 6.0, 7.9 and 20.7% (P<0.001). The 5-year OS was 91+/-3, 83+/-4 and 76+/-7%, respectively (P=0.0018). In terms of multivariate hazard ratios (HR), the relative differences between the three differentiation groups correspond to an increase of 77% of the risk of occurrence of either of the three events considered for the DFS (HR=1.77, 95% CI [0.94-3.33]), (P=0.078) for the G2 tumors and of 163% (HR=2.63, 95% CI [1.27-5.43]), (P=0.009) for the G3 tumors with respect to the G1 tumors. The estimated relative hazards for OS are, respectively, in line with those for DFS: HR=1.51 (P=0.282) for the G2 tumors; and HR=3.37 (P=0.003) for the G3 tumors. CONCLUSION: Patients with grade 1 tumors are those least exposed to either local relapse, metastasis, or death. In contrast patients with grade 2 tumors seem to be at higher risk of metastasis, whereas patients with grade 3 tumors appear at higher risk of death. Since we have looked at the first of three competing events (local relapse, metastasis and death), this suggests that patients with grade 3 tumors probably progress to death so fast that local relapse, if any, cannot be observed.
Adenocarcinoma, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Brachytherapy, Cell Differentiation, Combined Modality Therapy, Endometrial Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Incidence, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Survival Analysis
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