Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Les traitements de l'ostéoporose (à l'exception de la substitution hormonale et de ses dérivés) [Treatment of osteoporosis (with the exception of hormone replacement and its derivates]
Revue médicale de la Suisse romande
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Review - Publication Status: ppublish
Calcium and vitamin D supplementation are warranted for the treatment of osteoporosis, when other specific drugs are used. Vitamin D supplementation is necessary when the plasma level of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D is below 30 nmol/l (12 pg/l) in order to avoid any increase of the plasma parathyroid hormone level. Bisphosphonates are the most widely drugs used. Recent advances will provide patients with a more convenient therapeutically equivalent alternative: the once-weekly oral dosing regimen and probably the possibility to give infusions at intervals of up to one year. Parathyroid hormone administered subcutaneously daily produced a dramatic increase of trabecular and cortical bone mineral density, and an important decrease of vertebral and nonvertebral fracture risk. Strontium is a new original drug, which stimulates bone formation, and inhibits bone resorption. It significantly improves trabecular and cortical bone mass. Calcitonin not only prevents the recurrence of vertebral fractures, but possibly could decrease hip fractures risk. Hydrochlorothiazide preserves the bone mineral density, and decreases nonvertebral fracture risk, as showed in epidemiological studies. Large clinical trials with statins therapy in appropriate populations are required to find out whether these drugs have any role in preventing fractures.
Aged, Calcitonin, Calcium, Dietary Supplements, Diphosphonates, Female, Fractures, Bone, Humans, Middle Aged, Osteoporosis, Parathyroid Hormone, Spine, Strontium, Vitamin D
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